The making of Sun

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasmawith internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth.

sun

The Sun – Center of Solar System

Its diameter is about 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth, accounting for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System.

About three quarters of the Sun’s mass consists of hydrogen (~73%); the rest is mostly helium (~25%), with much smaller quantities of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon, and iron.

Scientists believe that the solar system was formed when a cloud of gas and dust in space were disturbed, maybe by the explosion of a nearby star (called a supernova). This explosion led to the formation of waves in space which squeezed the cloud of gas and dust. Squeezing made the cloud start to collapse, as gravity pulled the gas and dust together, forming a solar nebula. Just like a dancer that spins faster as she pulls in her arms, the cloud began to spin as it collapsed. Eventually, the cloud grew hotter and denser in the center, with a disk of gas and dust surrounding it that was hot in the center but cool at the edges.

clump-core_med

Stages of Star formation (The Sun)

As the disk got thinner and thinner, particles began to stick together and form clumps. Some clumps got bigger, as particles and small clumps stuck to them, eventually forming planets or moons . Near the center of the cloud, where planets like Earth formed (read – How was the Earth born), only rocky material could stand the great heat. Icy matter settled in the outer regions of the disk along with rocky material, where the giant planets like Jupiter formed. As the cloud continued to fall in, the center eventually got so hot that it became a star, the Sun, and blew most of the gas and dust of the new solar system with a strong stellar wind.

So now we know that the Sun played a very important role in formation of the Solar System. Do you want to learn more about the solar system and the other plants? Yes, then visit our next blog –

The Solar System

 

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